EEG applications for sport and performance

Trevor Thompson *, Tony Steffert, Tomas Ros, Joseph Leach, John Gruzelier
Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, New Cross, London SE14 6NW, UK

Abstract:  EEG applications for sport and performance

One approach to understanding processes that underlie skilled performing has been to study electrical brain activity using electroencephalography (EEG). 

A notorious problem with EEG is that genuine cerebral data is often contaminated by artifacts of non-cerebral origin. 

Unfortunately, such artifacts tend to be exacerbated when the subject is in motion, meaning that obtaining reliable data during exercise is inher- ently problematic. These problems may explain the limited number of studies using EEG as a methodo- logical tool in the sports sciences. 

brainmap eeg

This paper discusses how empirical studies have generally tackled the problem of movement artifact by adopting alternative paradigms that avoid recording during actual physical exertion. Moreover, the specific challenges that motion presents to obtaining reliable EEG data are discussed along with practical and computational techniques to confront these challenges. 

Finally, as EEG recording in sports is often underpinned by a desire to optimize performance, a brief review of EEG- biofeedback and peak performance studies are also presented. 

Knowledge of practical aspects of EEG recording along with the advent of new technology and increasingly sophisticated processing models offers a promising approach to minimizing if perhaps not entirely circumventing, the problem of obtaining reliable EEG data during motion. 

046-2023- 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.ymeth.2008.07.006